A top US Air Force commander warned last week that if Russia establishes coastal bases in Libya, the Kremlin could introduce long-range air defenses, possibly denying NATO full access to its southern flank — a concern Townsend has raised previously.
The Trump administration has been seeking to free up US military assets around the world to focus on countering strategic ambitions by China and Russia.
With his command’s priorities under review by Defense Secretary Mark Esper in January, Townsend appealed to Congress, advocating stronger US military partnerships with African governments as a way to counter foreign influence on the continent.
“I believe Africa offers America a competitive edge over Russia and China, and we should take advantage of it,” Townsend told the Senate Armed Services Committee in January.
China maintains a military base in Djibouti, and Russia has reportedly sent Wagner Group mercenaries to Libya, Sudan, Mozambique and the Central African Republic.
“Russia is executing the same playbook as it successfully employed in Crimea, Ukraine and to a lesser extent in Syria,” AFRICOM’s deputy director for intelligence Brig. Gen. Gregory Hadfield told reporters during a conference call on May 29.
The United States has expanded its relationship with Tunisia’s military in recent years, investing more than a billion dollars since the country’s 2011 revolution that deposed former President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, AFRICOM said.
Tunisia’s military has been tasked with securing the country’s eastern border with war-torn Libya and combatting al-Qaeda-affiliated groups and Islamic State fighters in the country’s western mountains near Algeria.
“We know many of our African partners are under siege from malign actors and terrorist networks,” Townsend said, adding, “We also know we can’t surge trust.”
The US Army’s 1st Security Force Assistance Brigade (SFAB) deployed to Senegal in March at Esper’s direction, after he previously said he was considering bringing home some of the roughly 6,000 US troops then in Africa.
The army established its first SFAB in 2017 in order to free up brigade combat teams from training foreign military forces.